FUKUSHIMA Lives on the Line

FUKUSHIMA: Lives on the LineSupplementary Materials2891896 Meiji-Sanriku Earthquake. The scale of damage was second after the Great Kanto Earthquake for natural disasters since the start of the Meiji Period. The death toll within the prefecture reaches 762, with 4487 people unaccounted for.March 23● The Prime Minister’s Office announces that Naoto Kan instructed Fukushima Governor Yuhei Sato to impose restrictions on the intake of spinach and other goods produced within the prefecture. This was the first measure implemented according to the Act on Special Measures Concerning Nuclear Emergency Preparedness.● The Cabinet Office releases estimated figures claiming that the amount of direct damage to buildings (16–25 trillion yen) greatly exceeded that caused by the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (approximately 10 trillion yen).March 24● The closure of the Tohoku and Ban’etsu Expressways is lifted, allowing for the operation of all lines.● Three workers who installed a cable at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant Unit 3 Reactor are confirmed to have radiation poisoning. Two of the workers failed to wear boots and were contaminated by highly radioactive water. March 25● Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano announces that people “sheltering indoors” in municipalities within 20–30 km of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant are requested to evacuate of their own accord. March 26● Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency announces that radioactive iodine 1250 times the safe limit was detected in sea water near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. March 27● An unemployed man (82) dies inside a car waiting for gas in Tanagura. Hibachi briquettes are found in the car. March 30● Fukushima Prefecture announces that it asked the government to designate the area within 20 km of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant a hazard zone according to the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act. ● TEPCO President Tsunehisa Katsumata holds a press conference, stating that “Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant Unit 1–4 Reactors will have to be discontinued.”● Four hundred and eighty residents of Futaba evacuated to Saitama Super Arena in Saitama City arrive at their next evacuation destination, a disused high school in Kazo, Saitama Prefecture.April 1● At a press conference, Prime Minister Kan says “I am prepared for a long-term battle.” The disaster is officially named “Higashi Nihon Dai-Shinsai” (The Great East Japan Earthquake).April 2● TEPCO confirms that heavily contaminated water is leaking into the sea from a crack in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant Unit 2 Reactor. April 3● TEPCO announces the discovery of the corpses of two Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant workers who went missing after the earthquake. The workers appeared to have died in the tsunami.April 4● TEPCO begins releasing approximately 11,500 tons of contaminated waste water from within Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant facilities into the sea.April 6● TEPCO begins injecting nitrogen gas into Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant Unit 1 Reactor to prevent further hydrogen explosions.April 7Around 11:32 pm: An aftershock of magnitude 7.1 occurs in Miyagi. An earthquake with an intensity of greater than 6.0 is felt in north and central Miyagi. An intensity of greater than 5.0 is felt in the Nakadori and Hamadori regions of Fukushima. April 8● Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano lifts the shipping restrictions on fresh milk from Kitakata and spinach and kakina (green leafy vegetable of the genus Brassica) from Gunma Prefecture. Plans for restrictions on planting rice in the case of a detection of radioactivity that exceeds the safe limit in the soil are also announced.April 11● One month has passed since the Great East Japan Earthquake. Silent prayers are held all over Japan at 2:46 pm—the time of the earthquake. Around 5:16 pm: A lower 6.0 magnitude earthquake occurs in Fukushima and Ibaraki. A tsunami warning is issued in Ibaraki.10:04 pm: A 16-year-old girl is confirmed to have died in a landslide in Iwaki. April 12● Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency evaluates the severity of the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster as “level 7,” the highest level on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) and the same level as that of the Chernobyl disaster.● The prefecture announces that radioactive cesium exceeding the limit on rice planting was detected in the paddy fields of Iitate and Namie. ● Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology announces that small amounts of radioactive strontium were detected in the soil and vegetables outside of the 30 km radius of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. April 13● The Nuclear Safety Commission announces its view that the target for radiation limits for school attendance should be 10 mSv per year. April 14● The first meeting of the Reconstruction Design Council takes place. Prime Minister Naoto Kan requests a “plan that provides the opportunity for the creation of a better society.” In addition to Governor Yuhei Sato, the meeting was attended by Prefectural Museum Director Norio Akasaka and Akutagawa award winning writer Sokyu Genyu, the chief priest of Fukushu-ji Temple in Miharu. April 15● TEPCO President Masataka Shimizu announces that compensation payments for evacuated residents and those being asked to shelter at home owing to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident will be one million yen per household and 750,000 yen for single households, and that around 50,000 households are to receive the compensation. April 17● TEPCO Chairman of the Board Tsunehisa Katsumata announces a work schedule indicating that it will take 6–9 months to stabilize the nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.April 19● Work begins to transfer heavily contaminated water from the maintenance tunnels of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant Unit 2 Reactor to central radioactive waste treatment facilities.● Fukushima Prefecture announces that outdoor activities at thirteen schools and parks are to be restricted following the results of investigations into the amount of radiation. March 11, 2011–April 19, 2011