FUKUSHIMA Lives on the Line

121chap.IIIStruggle Against RadioactivityFUKUSHIMA: Lives on the Line1. What HappenedTogether with Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the name “Fukushima” has gained worldwide recognition as yet another site of radiation exposure in Japan. The March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami were followed by the Tokyo Electric Power Company’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident on March 12. On March 16, radiation contamination peaked such that the average atmospheric radiation dose for that day in Fukushima City was about 18 µSv/h (Image 1). In September, some areas in Fukushima City were still reporting radiation doses of 1.3 µSv/h (City Hall) and 2.2 µSv/h (City Hall, Oonami Branch Office).A lesson of the Fukushima complex disaster for psychiatric professionals : A forewordShin-ichi NIWA, Professor and Chair, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine (1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima City, Fukushima Prefecture 960-1295).Clinical Psychiatry Vol. 40 No. 11Lessons from Fukushima: What We Can Learn about Psychiatric Care from the Radiation Exposure IncidentSpecial ReportShin-ichi NiwaKey Words: nuclear accident, low-dose radiation exposure, psychiatric care, emergency evacuation, electronic patient recordsImage 2: Relative Locations of Hospitals with Psychiatric Treatment Facilities in the Hamadori Area of Fukushima and the Fukushima Daiichi and Daini Nuclear Power PlantsThere are two hospitals in the emergency evacuation preparation zone within 30 kilometers of the Daiichi plant, and three hospitals within the 20-kilometer evacuation zone. These hospitals were forced to transfer some or even all of their patients to other hospitals. The four hospitals to the north of the nuclear power plant in particular transferred all their patients to other hospitals. (source: Fukushima Association of Psychiatric Hospitals).Image 1: Daily Average Radiation in Fukushima City(Science, May 20)Emergency evacuation preparation zoneEmergency evacuation preparation zonePlanned evacuation areaFukushima Daiichi (No. 1) Nuclear Power Plant20-kilometerEvacuationZoneIzumi HospitalFukushima Daini (No. 2) Nuclear Power Plant